First District: Heritage Destination


Iloilo is a diverse province steeped in history. Its past has seen a melting pot of different cultures which have left their mark in some towns. The best thing about traveling to Iloilo is exploring the history of its many towns. By doing so, it can help us understand how it became what it is today.

Southern Iloilo is also positioned as the HERITAGE DESTINATION of the province and many people visit the area every year to see its historic attractions. Belonging to the First Congressional District comprising the towns of Oton, Tigbauan, Guimbal, Tubungan, Igbaras, Miagao and San Joaquin, it is the fourth largest in terms of land area and population in the province.

The area is an irreplaceable outdoor museum that provides a beautiful backdrop of historic sites.  It prides itself as the home of the only UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Visayas and Mindanao, the St. Thomas of Villanova Parish in Miagao.

The picturesque southern mountain ranges and coastline in the area form a springboard for a different exploration. There are 42 accommodation establishments in the district offering 300 air-conditioned rooms and 93 fan rooms. The district is the second biggest contributor of tourist arrivals for the province.

To get to southern Iloilo, visitors can take a jeepney at Don Benito Q. Acap Sr. Southern Iloilo Perimeter Boundary Terminal in Barangay Mohon, Oton, Iloilo. Metered taxis are also available at the terminal. Visitors can also take a jeepney at the market terminal at the back of Robinsons Place Iloilo mall.

Municipality Classification Land Area
No. of Barangays Distance from the city
Oton First 8,456 37 10.2
Tigbauan Second 3,460 48 22.5
Tubungan Fourth 3,460 48 41.1
Igbaras Third 15,253 46 40.0
Guimbal Fourth 4,448 33 29.0
Miagao First 13,286 119 40.5
San Joaquin Second 23,135 85 53.0